Kuşadası

Kuşadası

A town of Kusadasi in Turkey's Aydin province. district in the north west of the province, Aydin province, 71 km., 95 km from Izmir city center. Away. Aegean Sea on board district, one of Turkey's most important tourism centers.
The 264 km2 area of ​​the county, according to the 2009 Address Based Population Census Results 81 295 people live
At a place called Ophiuchus Burn near Kusadasi, it is believed to have been founded by Ionians Neopolis connected with the name of Ephesus.
Previously, the city Pilavtepe outskirts, was founded in a place called Andızkulesi. Venetians and Genoese belonging to these shores after a while the Byzantines, were dominant in economic terms. Kusadasi because of transportation difficulties; Andızkulesi taken from the current position over the New Pier (Scala Nuova) was founded with the name.
Kusadasi given the name of Kusadasi Bay and its surroundings is known as the art and cultural centers and barındırmışr many different civilizations since ancient times.
B.C. Lelegians in the year 3000 BC Aeolians in the 11th century BC Ionians in the 9th century, have dominated the region. The area between the Büyük Menderes and Gediz Rivers takes the Ionian name in ancient times. Traders and sailors who have zengişleş Ionians in a short time thanks to overseas trade and have had a superior political power. Posted in "Ion Colonies" name of the 12 cities they have established.
Kusadasi, Anatolia was one of the major ports of the Mediterranean in ancient times. At that time, he was known by name Neapolis. B.C. Sardis, the capital of the Lydians in the 7th century have dominated the region.
B.C. Persian domination began in 546 BC 334 will continue to seize all of Anatolia Alexander the Great. After the synthesis of a new era in local Anatolian civilization Greek civilization in Anatolia with a completely new understanding of art and culture would dominate and the "Hellenistic Age" is referred to by name. Ephesus, Miletus, Priene and Didim are the most famous cities of this era.
B.C. 2nd century AD, the Romans dominated the region. In the early years of Christianity, the Virgin Mary, and this becomes a religious center of the settlement came to Ephesus with St.John the apostles. Miletus became an Episcopal center of the Christianity era. Byzantine Era "Ania" referred to by name. Kusadasi has been a port used by pirates in the Middle Ages. In the 15th century, Venetians and Genoese city "Scala Nuova" takes its name.
In 1086, Süleymanshah the region with added Selcuk Empire begins Turkish sovereignty. The region has opened a door to exports If the caravan routes during this period. However Selcuk State sovereignty 1. Crusades were late due to the short-lived and Byzantine hands again. Menteşeoğulları the end of 1280 came to the sovereignty of the Ottoman Empire between 1397-1402. Although late to re Aydınoğulları hands of the Ottomans between 1402-1425 1425't are certainly captured.
Kusadasi, in 1413. 1.Mehmet (Chalabi) is joined by the Ottoman Empire. After this date, the city has remained fully in the hands of the Turks and the Turks began to fill with his work. They are the present and translates the Caravanserai in Kusadasi walls, was built by Mehmet Pasha.
The walled city, then three could only be entered through the door. One of these doors, Barbaros Hayrettin Paşa Caddesi to separate from each other with the Hero Street and the upper part is used today as Chief of Urban Traffic. Other doors are not available today.
Küçükada, makes an important military base for the Byzantines Guvercinada, he saw a major renovation in 1834 and was made famous castle. "Kusadasi" name comes from the castle.
Kusadasi, the War of Independence of Italy between the years 1919-1921, came the invasion of Greece by their withdrawal and on 7 September 1922, was liberated from enemy occupation.

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